O Programa Institucional de Bolsa de Iniciação à Docência (PIBID) e a produção da calculadora solar de baixo custo para uso em atividades experimentais nas aulas de física
Barros, Nícolas Kelp Oliveira
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This work of course completion proposes the use of low cost material (solar calculator), as methodology teaching the content of Modern Physics, more specifically the theme "photoelectric effect". We developed the idea after our participation in the Institutional Program of Scholarship for Teaching Initiation (PIBID), a program of the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES), in which we were scholarship holders during the graduation years. Therefore, we contextualize with the history of CAPES and PIBID, emphasizing the importance of the program for the adaptation of students to the real world of classrooms in our country. Soon after we did a bibliographical research on the subject photoelectric effect, from Hertz to Compton and we deal with the subject making an approach focused on the conceptual issues to the detriment of the mathematical language. Our goal was to get students to appropriate these concepts and understand the workings of this technology through a low cost experiment, giving them the opportunity to build and develop their own concepts beyond understanding the subject. We conclude with a proposal of Didactic Unit, where we suggest how teachers can use the experiment of the solar calculator of low cost, as another way to diversify the classes of Physics. Keywords: Modern physics. Photoelectric Effect, Degree in Physics. Solar calculator.