Letramento matemático: um estudo exploratório em duas escolas públicas do Rio Grande do Norte
PONTES, Fabiany Lais Gomes de
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ABSTRACT This research deals with a theme that is still very little discussed in Brazil, but very important for the area of education: literacy, which can be said to be a still new term for the educational environment, since it emerged as an object of study in the middle of the the 1980s in the United States, being rapidly popularized in many other countries with the same intention, including in Brazil. We will also address other terms that are related to each other so that they will be presented in the course of this monograph through information obtained in a qualitative bibliographical research, these being mathematical literacy and problem solving. We will emphasize here the importance of the term mathematical literacy for mathematics education, considering historical, political and social aspects, as well as to analyze how this is approached in studies of authors established in this area. For that, a search was made in the thesis and dissertations bank of CAPES with the descriptor "mathematical literacy", in order to carry out an analysis when the production of this knowledge in Brazil. The objective of this work is to develop an analysis about the relevance of reading inclusion to teaching mathematics, showing that this should not be a practice of only Portuguese language, but of all areas. To do this, we conducted an exploratory research that had as subject two classes of 9th grade of two state public schools located in the municipality of Santa Cruz / RN, where both are similar in several aspects, including for sharing the same teacher for the discipline of Mathematics, but one, because it functions full time, contains some obligatory disciplines more than the other, as is the case of Mathematical Letting. For the accomplishment of this study, a board game was elaborated titled "MateX", in which the students were conditioned the resolution of some mathematical problems. The results obtained served as a basis for analyzing whether there was any level difference between the participating classes. What was concluded with this, was that the State School Cosme Ferreira Marques, that is the one that offers the discipline of Mathematical Literacy, obtained a considerably better result than the State School Quintino Bocaiuva, showing that the students who have a learning based on the concepts of literacy really do better than the others. In this sense, analyzing some more aspects, we conclude that literacy is a powerful way to be used in education and the use of reading as a teaching methodology also offers a less embedded posture to the same, which gives the student a better interpretation power. Keywords: Mathematics Teaching. Literature. Mathematical Letting. Exploratory research. Troubleshooting.