Proposta de produto educacional: cartilha como metodologia de ensino sobre a educação ambiental do bioma caatinga no ensino fundamental anos finais em Ipanguaçu/RN
Silva, José Antonio
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This work proposes the use of an educational product, an interactive booklet, as a didactic resource for teaching and learning about Environmental Education in the Caatinga biome. The educational product was developed on the basis of a learning diagnosis questionnaire with students from the 8th and 9th grades of the Escola Municipal Professora Francisca da Salete Ribeiro Barreto in the municipality of Ipanguaçu/RN. The booklet covers fauna, flora, medicinal potential, native bees and global warming, all of which are laid out in such a way that students can reflect on the local reality. It features clickable items, directing students to websites and news articles that will help them delve deeper into the subject. The Caatinga Quiz app, which offers quizzes and memory games about the Caatinga, was used to check learning and fix the content. As a methodology for validating the booklet, an evaluation questionnaire was administered to the teachers. According to the teachers' evaluation, this product, previously planned and adapted to the students' reality, is a resource that contributes to training students, who are capable of making transformations on the spot through conscious actions. There was also a deficiency in the students' perception of the Caatinga biome, as they didn't show any knowledge of simple aspects or made confusions with situations and practices from their own lives that weren't related to the subject. When asked about their perception of the importance of preserving the caatinga biome, only 11 of the 65 students interviewed were able to answer. With regard to the native bees of the caatinga, 52.3 said they knew them and 47.7 said they didn't. When they were asked to name the species they knew, they confused wasps and bees and the species most often mentioned was the Africanized honeybee Apis mellifera, popularly known to them as the Italian bee.