Spectrum: desenvolvimento de uma plataforma self-lerning para ensino experimental de física no ensino médio
Pereira, Ludnilson Antônio de Jesus
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Learning gains in Physics have been reported from the insertion of mobile mobile devices, especially tablet-PCs and smartphones, in conjunction with new teaching proposals. The self-learning, with appropriate pedagogical justifications, shows up a self-guided and instructed learning style, centered on the student as an agent of his learning. The consonance and complementarity of those pedagogical strategy have been providing the development of new and significant contribuces for the education in physics, inserting the self-guided experimental practices on learning and teaching process. The focus, however, of the literatures in the area is concentred in the increasingly refined construction of virtual laboratories, simulation softwares or configurations of labs remotely commanded via the web (remote labs). Researches, in general, are directed toward higher education in science and engineering. Although there are several benefits to the accessibility and multiplicity of the experimental practices, researches point to limitations of existing virtual tools (lack of realism in images and movements, limitations of Internet transmission, 3D resources, and others). In addition, some subjects specifics in physics, such as topics of Modern and Contemporary Physics (MCP), for example, still figure little or unexplored on high school level. A Modern Physics Specific lab, however, is extremely scarce and costly. In order to triangulate the versatility and contributions of mobile devices for self - guided teaching and learning process and based in experimental practices, this research shows up in the intention to propose and apply a didactic proposal used for an experimental and theoretical approach of modern physics topics, through an application software, thought for tablet-Pcs, acting as an interactive and multimedia experimental guide. Based on application of the didact proposal, it was possible to evaluate significant contributions for students in terms of motivation, autonomy and facility of execution and access on teaching and learning processes intermediated by this tool.