Efeitos sobre o agronegócio: uma análise da comercialização de fertilizantes a partir das relações bilaterais entre Brasil e RússiaEfeitos sobre o Agronegócio: uma análise da comercialização de fertilizantes a partir das relações bilaterais entre Brasil e Rússia
Melo, Fabrício Gomes de
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This study aims to analyse the commercialization of fertilizers in light of the bilateral relations between Brazil and Russia. To carry out this work, the theoretical and analytical method of Gonçalves (2005) was used, and the methodology used was content analysis, with a descriptive and exploratory character. The bilateral relations between Brazil and Russia within the international system present a set of common interests in the economic, political, and cultural spheres, which can be seen in the historical aspects between these actors. In recent years, the marketing of Russian fertilizers to Brazil has obtained significant numbers, which makes one realize the importance of the marketing of fertilizers to Brazilian agribusiness and reinforces the country's dependence on imports of the input, since in 2016, the fertilizer factories in Brazil closed under the allegation of not being profitables. With the war between Russia and Ukraine, which began on February 24, 2022, Brazil's external vulnerability is noted, as the sanctions imposed on Russia due to the conflict suspended fertilizer imports to Brazil. At the risk of running out of long-term fertilizer stocks for future harvests, the Brazilian government is studying how to reduce its dependence on fertilizer imports in future years.