Preservação digital e periódicos científicos eletrônicos: um mapeamento das práticas nas universidades federais brasileiras
Nascimento, Bruna Lais Campos do
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The present work shows the Brazilian scenario about the preservation of scientific memory available in digital media and the challenges to ensure its integrity, reliability and perennial access. It aims to map the digital preservation practices that are being adopted by Brazilian federal universities to safeguard their electronic journals. It also contextualizes and defines information and memory within the Information Science (IS) field, emphasizing the social aspects of information and the conceptual overview about memory on IS. It analyzes the significant changes that have occurred in the scientific communication process, from the insertion of Information Technology (IT), thus designing a parallel between the past and the present. It also highlights the main challenges that involve the issue of digital preservation, and outlines an overview of the initiatives and projects being developed on the national and global level. Methodologically, this work is characterized as exploratory, descriptive, and bibliographical, using the structured questionnaire with semi-open questions for data collection. In the results, it was verified that the lack of policies, financial, human and procedural resources are among the main factors that affect the effective development of the actions of digital preservation. As conclusion, the present work observes that in the electronic journals field, the digital preservation becomes extremely necessary in order to guarantee and ensure that scientific production remains accessible, retrievable and understandable for posterity. The aim of this mapping provide support to managers and institutions so that they can reassess the practices that are being adopted to preserve the institutional scientific memory.